[CentOS] disk I/O problems and Solutions

Blake Hudson blake at ispn.net
Fri Oct 9 19:07:22 UTC 2009


-------- Original Message  --------
Subject: Re: [CentOS] disk I/O problems and Solutions
From: Alan McKay <alan.mckay at gmail.com>
To: CentOS mailing list <centos at centos.org>
Date: Friday, October 09, 2009 12:55:35 PM
>> Since you stated that your system is only having trouble at writes,
>> doing batch inserts, I would look at how you are doing these batch
>> inserts and see if you can optimize this by using techniques to delay
>> key writes or adjust locking mechanisms on the insert. Some databases
>> have special insert from file or bulk insert operations that are much
>> faster than running many single row inserts - be sure you are taking
>> advantage of these methods.
>>     
>
> Yeah, our DB geeks have already said a few weeks ago that they think
> we are doing these bulk updates in a pretty inefficient manner, so
> that's something else we plan to optimize.
>
>
>   
I meant to include some annecdotal advice in my last post... In my 
experience, most of our DB servers rarely access the disk. Though we do 
configure our db servers for RAID10 now (previously RAID5). RAM is cheap 
and you should always have plenty of it.

Given your setup, I would be surprised if you would get more than a 100% 
improvement from transitioning to RAID10 using your current hardware. 
However, I wouldn't be surprised if you could get a 1,000% to 10,000% 
improvement through software optimization. This includes proper db 
software config, db schema, queries, and how you process/prepare data to 
go in/out of your db.

Keep in mind that if you are disk limited now and top shows no other 
signs of stress, then you are likely to continue to be disk limited - 
though you may notice shorter periods of impact.


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