[CentOS] Forbidden: can't access *.html files in /var/www/html
simon at houxou.com
Wed Sep 29 13:21:49 EDT 2010
Alexander Farber sent a missive on 2010-09-29:
> On Wed, Sep 29, 2010 at 5:29 PM, Simon Billis <simon at houxou.com> wrote:
>> Can you show the output of ls -laZ please? This will show the
>> selinux context information for the files - the error is usually to
>> do with the context of the files.
> Hello and thanks for your reply. The SELinux stuff is new for me.
> Yes I have moved that Alex.html from my home dir and (the 1st one fails):
> # ls -laZ /var/www/html/Alex.html -r--r--r-- root root
> system_u:object_r:user_home_t /var/www/html/Alex.html
You can see here that the context is incorrect for the file to be served by
apache. You can change it using:
"chcon user_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t /var/www/html/Alex.html" with no
This will change the file to the specific context needed. You can also use
restorecon -R as others have mentioned
> # ls -laZ /var/www/html/test/Alex.html -r--r--r-- root root
> user_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t /var/www/html/test/Alex.html
> # ls -laZ /var/www/html/index.php -rw-r--r-- root root
> user_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t /var/www/html/index.php
> # ls -laZ /var/www/html/hello-world.php -rw-r--r-- afarber afarber
> user_u:object_r:httpd_sys_content_t /var/www/html/hello-world.php
> I'm using http, not https. And /usr/sbin/getenforce prints "Enforcing".
You can use "setenforce 0" without the quotes to disable selinux from the
command line till next reboot or until you issue "setenforce 1" - this is
useful for testing as is looking at /var/log/audit/audit.log and also using
commands such as audit2why and audit2allow (I strongly recommend reading at
least the man pages and also such websites as
http://www.nsa.gov/research/selinux/docs.shtml (google selinux))
> I didn't know that there were additional attributes for the files.
> And I don't know how to stop/start SELinux (it is not a service in
> /etc/init.d, right?) but I'd like to keep SELinux running, since all
> other programs I've listed seem to cope okay with it.
I recommend that you keep selinux running and enforcing and that you spend
some time learning it. It is very useful. The config files are located here:
/etc/selinux and you can set selinux to be disabled or if you want
permissive i.e. it will not stop you or others doing things but will report
on the violations.
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