[CentOS] your advice on backup procedure

Karl Vogel vogelke+centos at pobox.com
Fri Mar 23 22:50:07 EDT 2012


>> On Fri, 23 Mar 2012 20:19:41 -0400, 
>> Bob Hoffman <bob at bobhoffman.com> said:

B> I am down to my last hurdle of my project, backups.  Not asking for 'how
B> to' but more of 'what is best in your experience'.

   Some questions:

   * What's the hardest stuff for you to recreate?  I'd have that on both
     DVD and something network-accessible.

   * What's your biggest PITA problem (for me, it would be bare-metal restore)
     vs. your most likely one (I'd assume loss of a MySQL table or a VM)?
     You mentioned being able to rebuild the host quickly, so if the bare-metal
     thing isn't a big problem, concentrate on the VMs instead.

   * What are your priorities?  If it's speed of the restore, and you have
     the IO/network bandwidth and room, then do like another poster said
     and rsync the VM files after shutting them down.  If it's more like
     history where you want to go back in time to lots of versions, something
     finer-grained would be in order.

B> The scenario...  centos server acting as a virtual host. Virtual
B> machines are webservers and dns servers. All on one machine, all running
B> centos 6.  Virtual machines are kvm, sitting in lvm storage.  What I
B> want to do..  auto backups of the virtual machines to be stored on the
B> virtual host's extra drives for later download to my home computer.

   Your VMs sound like they start out identical, and then you add stuff to
   specialize each one.  If so, I'd keep these backups:

   a. one generic bare-bones VM that can be installed with as few commands
      as possible.
   b. each change-set you use to specialize for basic DNS, web, etc.
   c. smaller groups of individual files like DB schemas, web content,
      mailboxes, etc.

   This way, any given restore breaks down to (a) plus (one or more b) plus
   (whatever's appropriate from c).  When you get to the individual file
   backups within a VM, something like this might be all you need:

      # cd /
      # find . -depth -type f -newer /etc/BKUP -print | pax -x cpio -wd | 
             gzip -c > /path/to/$(date '+%Y/%m%d/%H%M').pax.gz
      # touch /etc/BKUP

B> 1- Amanda. I do not know much about it or how it would deal with mysql
B> databases, but it look promising.

   I set it up once, but it wasn't a close enough match to what we needed
   for me to craft an entire backup strategy around it.  It's not a trivial
   thing to install or run, so you'll be spending time finding out how Amanda
   wants to do things and matching that to your goals.

B> 2- rsync - some kind of rsync going from the host to each machine,
B> putting it on the host's backup drives.

   That's what I use at work, but we're closer to the "networked fileservers
   with remote shares" setup.  I use the find/pax/touch setup above to handle
   hourly backups for 800-1000 users, and they're happy little campers when
   they find out the spreadsheet they created at 6am and mangled around noon
   isn't completely gone.

-- 
Karl Vogel                      I don't speak for the USAF or my company

Texted a friend meaning to ask if she was busy.
Me: "Are you busty?"  Her: "They're manageable, what's up?"
                     --Jimmy Fallon, #textingdisaster tweets, 13 Jan 2012


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