[CentOS-virt] BAD disk I/O performance

Sun May 4 12:38:01 UTC 2014
Zoltan Frombach <zoltan at frombach.com>

I also experienced really bad disk I/O performance with qcow2 images 
(under CentOS 6.4 hosts.)
When I converted the disk image to a raw logical volume (created with 
lvm2) I get almost bare-metal disk I/O performance.

Also note mentioning: check if your disk partitions are properly aligned 
and begin at 4k block boundaries. I use parted for this. For more info 
or google it.

There are more performance tuning options, e.g. you can set 
vm.swappiness = 0 on the host's Linux kernel. You can also try different 
kernel scheduling options, etc. These gave me only minor performace 
gains. The most important part was getting away from qcow2 and using 
properly aligned disk partitions.


On 5/4/2014 12:58 PM, Luca Gervasi wrote:
> Hello,
> i'm trying to convert my physical web servers to a virtual guest. What 
> i'm experiencing is a poor disk i/o, compared to the physical 
> counterpart (having strace telling me that each write takes 
> approximately 100 times the time needed on physical).
> Tested hardware is pretty good (HP Proliant 360p Gen8 with 2xSAS 15k 
> rpm 48 Gb Ram).
> The hypervisor part is a minimal Centos 6.5 with libvirt.
> The guest is configured using: VirtIO as disk bus, qcow2 storage 
> format (thick allocation), cache mode: none (needed for for live 
> migration - this could be changed if is the bottleneck), IO mode: default.
> Is someone willing to give me some adivices? :)
> Thanks
> Luca
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