[CentOS] Taring up the OS - how to exclude directories
kerplop at sbcglobal.net
Fri Sep 8 17:24:32 UTC 2006
Robert Moskowitz wrote:
> Robert wrote:
>> Robert Moskowitz wrote:
>>> From the howto: http://www.faqs.org/docs/securing/chap29sec305.html
>>> I got some ideas to help me to tar up the OS. I had already been
>>> shown how to wrap it into SSH to deposit the tar file on another
>>> system, so I tried the following:
>>> tar cpvzf - -C / --exclude home --exclude media --exclude mnt
>>> --exclude proc --exclude */lost+found | ssh root at 10.0.0.2
>>> But, whereas the howto is talking about --exclude dealing with
>>> files, the Centos Man on tar is saying that it applies to files.
>>> So what is wrong? I know the SSH stuff is correct as when I put in
>>> something like ls I get a file with result of the ls. Also I had
>>> done this without the excludes and of course it died slowing when it
>>> got to /media/cdrom :(
>> I recall that before USB2, when tape backup made sense, I used an
>> "exclude file" rather than doing it on the command line. I also
>> remember that "/"s most definitely affect the outcome. I believe that
>> if you'll look at the info pages (not man) for tar, you'll find a few
>> examples buried in the document that will make the tar part of your
>> puzzle crystal clear.
> At the very end of info tar, it talks a LITTLE bit about -- exclude
> I guess you have to know what pattern means. So should I be using
> entries like:
> --exclude '/home' ?
O.K., I mounted my USB drive, went back in my archived stuff and found
this "exclude" file:
[root at mavis ~]# cat /media/OT*/extra/FC1*/home/rj/nobackup
[root at mavis ~]#
You can use this rather than several --exclude entries on the command by
using the option -X <exclude-file-name>.
Whatever suits you just tickles me plumb to death.
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