[CentOS] vsftpd and active mode connections causes FTP session to hang

John R Pierce pierce at hogranch.com
Fri Jun 6 03:04:15 UTC 2008

Filipe Brandenburger wrote:
> On Thu, Jun 5, 2008 at 2:05 PM, Timothy Selivanow
> <timothy.selivanow at virtualxistenz.com> wrote:
>> things like 'put' and 'get', etc.), the connection hangs.  If you wait a
>> bit it returns with a "425 Failed to establish connection".  I've tried
> Is the FTP client behind NAT? If it is then active FTP won't work,
> since the client will request the server to connect to the internal
> IP.

its somewhat more complex than that.   many NAT boxes (home routers, 
etc) recognize FTP on port 21, and monitor the PORT commands, and mangle 
them automatically.  A linux masquerading server can do this too, with 
the right ip_masq module.      if the FTP is running on a nonstandard 
port other than 21, the automagic stuff won't work.   If the FTP 
/server/ is behind NAT using a port forward, it also gets messy. 

there's a detailed discussion of these and other salient points here, 
http://www.ncftp.com/ncftpd/doc/misc/ftp_and_firewalls.html    it bears 
reading carefully.

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