[CentOS] Caught between a Red Hat and a CentOS

Benjamin Franz jfranz at freerun.com
Tue Oct 20 17:15:08 UTC 2009

ken wrote:
> Okay, here's one. Maybe someone here can figure it out.
> Upgrading from 4.5 to 4.5.  From a 4.6 ISO I copied all the RPMs into a
> directory... let's call it c:/install :).   Now the oracle dba has
> strict parameters on what versions can be installed and which can't.
> The rpms in c:/install meet those requirements.  In addition, since this
> is a production machine, it can be down at most for one day.  So all I
> want to do is upgrade what's currently on the system.  Moreover, if
> something horks, I want two chances to back out (the second being asking
> the backup guy to put the system back to yesterday).  The command to do
> this would be
> rpm --freshen --repackage *
> run in that crazy c:/install directory (or what the redhat guy called, a
> "folder").  This command runs fine for one file which has no
> dependencies (i.e., change '*' to a specific rpm).  It also upgrades
> three or four co-dependent rpms if they're narrowly specified.  But if
> the file/rpm spec is '*', rpm complains about two missing dependencies
> and stops.
> Yeah, this directory contains 1507 rpms (IIRC)... which is a lot, but it
> should still work.  This is Linux, after all.  And there's plenty enough
> memory and cpu to handle it.


rpm --freshen --repackage * 

for 1500+ rpms  probably exceeds the maximum character length for some 
part of the system after expansion of the '*'  by the shell.

Try breaking it up into smaller chunks (say two or three hundred at a 
time). You can match subsets of the files using shell expansions like

rpm --freshen --repackage [a-g]*

and tweak the line for any dependency complaints manually.

Alternatively, use 'createrepo' to create a Yum repository of the RPMs 
and use yum to handle it for you.

Benjamin Franz

> [The rh support written response was that there wasn't a problem, that
> this was "expected behavior".  When I phoned the guy and gently pressed
> him on that statement, he backed off of it a little, said, "yeah, it
> should work" but "no one does it that way" and I "really shouldn't
> expect it to work."]
> I had a couple other issues with the same command, but I'm not in the
> office now and don't recall them.  Yep, my brain's in time-off mode.
> But anyone have any experience or background, enough to say why that rpm
> command above is failing so miserably... and then what might fix it?
> If so, big thanks.
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Benjamin Franz

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