[CentOS] "Can't find root device" with lvm root after moving drive on CentOS 6.3

Sat Mar 30 13:18:19 UTC 2013
Joakim Ziegler <joakim at terminalmx.com>

On 29/03/13 10:38, Gordon Messmer wrote:
> On 03/29/2013 01:23 AM, Joakim Ziegler wrote:
>> Immediately after getting dropped to rdshell, I looked around in /dev,
>> which brought me a few surprises...

>> /dev/mapper contains only "control", that is, "vg_resolve02-lv_root" is
>> missing.

> Did you get to look at or for /dev/vg_resolve02 as well?

>> /dev/root is a symlink to /dev/dm-0

> Does /dev/dm-0 exist?

> Does the system boot if you just "exit" from the rdshell?  What about if
> you "vgchange -a y" without changing the symlink?

I checked this a bit more thoroughly. The status is as follows:

When I boot up and get dropped to rdshell, neither /dev/root nor 
/dev/vg_resolve02, nor /dev/dm-0 exist. Just exiting at this point drops 
me back into rdshell. Waiting a few minutes makes no difference.

Doing lvm vgscan finds the volume group, but creates no device nodes. 
Just exiting at this point drops me back into rdshell as well.

When I do lvm vgchange -ay, /dev/dm-0 is created, /dev/root is created 
as a symlink to it, as well as /dev/vg_resolve02/ with lv_root inside 
it, and /dev/mapper/vg_resolve02-lv_root. I don't need to change the 
symlink or do anything else, if I exit after doing lvm vgchange -ay, 
everything is ok.

>> That means /dev/root already is correct, so the only thing I'm actually
>> changing to make the system boot is to scan for volume groups and
>> activate them.
>> The big question then becomes: Why do I have to do this manually? How do
>> I make Dracut (I assume this is Dracut's job) make this automatically?
> udev should be doing this.  And... I was just looking at this again,
> because the last time I came up with nothing useful.  Look at
> /usr/share/dracut/modules.d/90lvm/64-lvm.rules.  If I'm reading this
> correctly, udev will look for dm-0 in /sys and will not run lvm_scan if
> it's found.  I wonder if it's possible that the /sys nodes are getting
> set up, but device-mapper isn't setting up the nodes in /dev?

It turns out I was wrong about dm-0 already existing, it's created on 
vgchange -ay. I'm looking at the file you mention, but I'm afraid I 
don't know LVM well enough to make that much sense of it. From what I 
can tell, it calls lvm_scan for each device, and there's an lvm_scan.sh 
in there that looks like it should be doing lvchange -ay, but if dm-0 
doesn't already exist, I don't think this will do anything, am I wrong?

> I'm really at a loss...  it seems like a much simpler explanation is
> simply that the devices take so long to detect that init gives up.  When
> you run vgchange, they've had the time they need.  That idea is
> inconsistent with the fact that your dmesg output shows what I assume is
> the correct devices and partition tables.

> You could try adding "rdinitdebug rdudevdebug" to your kernel command
> line, but you're going to see a LOT of output, and it's only really
> going to be meaningful if you've read the /init script that Dracut
> creates, and understand more or less what it's doing, particularly in
> the "main_loop" section.

I can try this, but it might be a bit beyond my area of expertise, I'm 

If I were to just try a brute force approach, what RPM packages should I 
reinstall/update to get all this stuff reinstalled as it was the first 
time I installed the system?

Joakim Ziegler  -  Supervisor de postproducción  -  Terminal
joakim at terminalmx.com   -   044 55 2971 8514   -   5264 0864