[CentOS] [OT] Bash help

Wed Oct 25 16:47:12 UTC 2017
Warren Young <warren at etr-usa.com>

On Oct 25, 2017, at 10:02 AM, Mark Haney <mark.haney at neonova.net> wrote:
> I have a file with two columns 'email' and 'total' like this:
> me at example.com 20
> me at example.com 40
> you at domain.com 100
> you at domain.com 30
> I need to get the total number of messages for each email address.

This screams out for associative arrays.  (Also called hashes, dictionaries, maps, etc.)

That does limit you to CentOS 7+, or maybe 6+, as I recall.  CentOS 5 is definitely out, as that ships Bash 3, which lacks this feature.

declare -A totals

while read line
    IFS="\t " read -r -a elems <<< "$line"

    declare -i n=${totals[$email]}
done < stats

for k in "${!totals[@]}"
    printf "%6d  %s\n" ${totals[$k]} $k

You’re making things hard on yourself by insisting on Bash, by the way.  This solution is better expressed in Perl, Python, Ruby, Lua, JavaScript…probably dozens of languages.