[CentOS] CentOS7: Setting up ldap over TLS in kickstart file

Thu Jun 14 15:54:32 UTC 2018
Paul Heinlein <heinlein at madboa.com>

On Thu, 14 Jun 2018, Patrick Begou wrote:

> Hi,
> I'm facing a problem with setting up LDAP+TLS client authentication in a 
> kickstart script on CentOS7 for several days.
> Setting up manualy the config with system-config-authentication works but I 
> need to automate this in kickstart for deploying cluster nodes.
> This show that the server side is running fine.
> At this time the message is
> #systemctl status sssd
> | ....
> sssd[be[default]][2732]: Could not start TLS encryption. error:14090086:SSL 
> routines:ssl3_get_server_certificate:certificate verify failed (self signed 
> certificate)|
> In my kickstart file I use:
> auth  --useshadow --enableldaptls --enablecache  --passalgo=sha512 
> --enableldap --enableldapauth --ldapserver="ldaps://my.ldap.server.fr" 
> --ldapbasedn=dc=my,dc=base,dc=dn
> Then in a post install script I download the server and ca certificates and 
> stops nslcd that I do not use:
> echo "TLS_REQCERT allow">>/etc/openldap/ldap.conf
> cd /etc/openldap/cacerts/ && wget 
> http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/Softwares7/LDAPCERTS/ca-bundle.crt && ln -s 
> ca-bundle.crt $(openssl x509 -hash -in ca-bundle.crt -noout).0
> cd /etc/openldap/certs/ && wget 
> http://xxx.xxx.xxx.xxx/Softwares7/LDAPCERTS/server.crt
> cd /
> systemctl disable nslcd
> I'm unable to see what system-config-authentication is doing more in it's 
> setup.
> Thanks for your help

I'm a bit stumped. My recipe was similar:

authconfig --enableshadow --passalgo=sha512 --enablefingerprint --enableldap --enableldapauth --ldapserver=ldap.ourcompany.com --ldapbasedn=dc=ourcompany,dc=com --enablecache --enableldaptls

then, in %post:

curl http://www.ourcompany.com/ca/ca.crt \
      -s -o /etc/openldap/cacerts/ca.ourcompany.com.pem
/usr/sbin/cacertdir_rehash /etc/openldap/cacerts

And that did the trick.

The main difference is that you install a bundle of certifcates rather 
than a single one. There are two issues:

1. Hashing a certificate bundle does no good as far as I know. Hashes
    only work on a single cert, right?

2. Unless told otherwise, openssl looks in only one place for a cert
    bundle: ${OPENSSLDIR}/cert.pem (where the value of OPENSSLDIR can
    be discovered by running "openssl version -d").

You might take a peek at the ldap_tls_cacertdir discussion in the 
sssd-ldap(5) man page, which specifies that certificates should be in 
individual files.

My suggestion would be to isolate the CA certificate used to sign your 
LDAP server certs, install that as a separate file in 
ldap_tls_cacertdir, and run cacertdir_rehash to get the hash correct.

Paul Heinlein
heinlein at madboa.com
45°38' N, 122°6' W