[CentOS] Locales and filenames
contact at kikinovak.net
Tue Oct 27 14:45:09 UTC 2009
Alfred von Campe a écrit :
> I have a file which contains non-ASCII characters (umlauts, accented
> characters, etc.) both in its filename as well as its content. The
> only way I have been able to see these characters is inside vim,
> where they are displayed correctly no matter what I have LANG set
> to. My default LANG is en_US.utf8, but I have tried de_DE.utf8,
> de_DE.iso88591, and various others. In the output of a simple ls,
> the characters are shown as either a simple "?" or a "?" in a box
> depending on what I have LANG set to, and the same is true if I use
> cat to display the contents. I have tried this both in an xterm as
> well as a gnome-terminal window on a CentOS 5.3 system.
> I am taking stabs in the dark here as I've never had to deal with
> LANG and locales before.
The 'file' command displays encoding information. If you have to change
the encoding, use 'recode'. Example :
$ recode latin1..utf8 file
... from latin 1 (iso-8859-1 or the likes) to UTF-8.
$ recode utf8..latin1 file
... the other way around.
Check the syntax with the two dots between encodings.
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